First symptoms of pregnancy
The first trimester of pregnancy – the most important one. During the first 12 weeks of pregnancy there are significant changes in a woman’s body and the beginning and development of all organs and systems of the child. It is therefore very important to refer to the first trimester of pregnancy.
What organs of the child are formed in the first trimester of pregnancy
About the sixth day after fertilization, the egg is implanted in the uterine wall and begins intensive development of the embryo. All vital organs are laid in the first trimester of pregnancy.
On the fifth week of pregnancy the child has already laid down the liver, kidneys and digestive system, in the future, these bodies will only continue to Mature.
By about the sixth week the baby will be formed and will begin to decline heart.
On the seventh to ninth week of pregnancy the baby’s body grows to about 2–2.2 cm On the seventh week the child already has the rudiments of the limbs, by the end of the ninth week the tiny person will be arms and legs.
At the eighth week there are the beginnings of ears, eyes, and gums even, starts beating heart.
On the ninth week the child already has a spout. However, he is placed on his head, which most of the body but does it really matter? Ends with the formation of the eye.
By the end of the first trimester of pregnancy (during the twelfth week) has all the organs and features of the child are formed. The growth of the child is 5-6 cm and they start “flexing” their muscles.
In the first trimester of pregnancy changes the body of a woman
However, these changes can become visible to others only to the end of the first trimester, and even then not necessarily. Because weight gain, according to the canons of the first trimester of pregnancy should be about 2 kg. And in most cases due to toxicity weight gain even less.
Even if by the end of the first trimester of pregnancy, the tummy is not noticeable, guess pregnancy can be on the chest: most pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy the Breasts swell, and peripapillary circles darken.
In the first trimester of pregnancy may receive morning sickness, frequent urination, lethargy and drowsiness.
Rules of conduct for women in the first trimester of pregnancy
In the first trimester of pregnancy miscarriage three times higher than after 12 weeks of pregnancy. So please refrain in the first trimester of pregnancy from active sports.
In the first trimester of pregnancy, doctors recommend to take folic acid. This is the most important vitamin for the duration of pregnancy: it helps protect the fetus from birth defects.
Any infectious disease during the first trimester of pregnancy is highly undesirable. Rubella is especially dangerous, which often leads to death of the fetus and miscarriage or to the occurrence of malformations of the brain, organs of vision and hearing, heart and skeleton.
In the first trimester of pregnancy need to pay special attention to the intestinal flora. The chair must be regular, otherwise the toxins will poison the fetus. The tendency to constipation consult your doctor how to resolve it. But in any case do not abuse laxatives: do not calculate the dose, can cause miscarriage.
During sleep the blood flow through the uterus is increased in 5 times, so in the first trimester of pregnancy avoid getting enough sleep. If not sleepy, just lie down: horizontal position increases blood flow twice.
Avoid taking any pills. Absolutely contraindicated any of the hormonal drugs; certain antibiotics (streptomycin, tetracycline); antidepressants; analgesics (aspirin, indomethacin); antihypertensive drugs (reserpine, chlorothiazide); vitamin a in doses greater than 10,000 IU per day.
In the first trimester of pregnancy may be contraindicated for some herbs, including comfrey, Senna, Stefania, Magnolia, dead-nettle, mother and stepmother, juniper and others.
Be very careful in the first trimester of pregnancy need to take x-ray studies, especially in the abdomen and pelvis.
What tests need to be done in the first trimester of pregnancy:
In the first trimester of pregnancy at registration, the doctor will prescribe the directions on the following tests:
– A blood test for AIDS
– Hepatitis b and C
– Analysis of blood on hormones
– Blood group and RH factor. But keep in mind that if a woman has a negative RH factor, and the man is positive, then you will need to take a blood test for antibodies every two weeks.
– General and biochemical blood analysis
– The General analysis of urine
– First ultrasound the doctor may recommend 10-12 weeks. This will give information about the number of fruits, normally developing pregnancy, the exact duration of the pregnancy, reveal serious defects, highlight patients at high risk for chromosomal pathology.
– Can also be assigned to the tests: rubella, herpes virus infection, cytomegalovirus infection, toxoplasmosis, chlamydial infection.
In addition, the gynecologist will direct you to the following professionals: optometrist, physician, otolaryngologist, dentist. You will need to do an electrocardiogram. Monthly need to provide a urine sample on which the gynecologist will evaluate the kidneys.