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The education of the child according to the Montessori method

Today, many parents want to provide their child with the harmonious and comprehensive development. But to understand all the stream rushed upon us like an avalanche systems and methods is very difficult. Doman’s cards, cubes Zaitseva, Waldorf system, the Montessori method. the list is long.

So how not to get lost in all this variety?

First of all, you need to clearly understand what a particular method. And then to make an informed decision. In this article we will discuss now one of the most popular systems of education and development of the child — the Montessori method.

The method

The author is Maria Montessori (1870-1952), an Italian educator and humanist. The most important, fundamental, and conveys the essence of the method is the motto. “Help me to do it myself” .

The great importance of Maria Montessori gave the period of development of the baby from 0 to 6 years. It is believed that during this period is the most intense development of the child, during which there are special times when the baby is particularly susceptible to any particular activity.

And if at this auspicious time with a child will not be necessary for the development Continue reading

Childhood fears

 

Fear is inherent in every person on the planet. It can be reasoned or instinctive. However, what children fear? And how to get rid of it?

In infancy, we experience the fear of unfamiliar people or the smells, unexpected sounds. With age, the range of fears grew, and new, subjective factors that can trigger the appearance of phobias. Even a trip to the nursery or kindergarten is fraught with the development of fear of letting their parents. So Hiking in such institutions are easily tolerated in children with a low level of emotional development.

However, as with everything in this world, the fear can be combated. First of all, give the child such a powerful weapon as the imagination: if his fears a dream, then, and fight with them will have it too fancy. When you have fear of the dark, certain people, animals should lead the child to believe that by defeating the fears in his imagination, he defeated them in reality. Let Your child mentally several times I repeat the action, which is afraid, always with a positive outcome. Then try to overcome the fear in reality. Do not despair if You do not succeed the first time.

Among other things, the cause of phobias may be a trivial lack of awareness. This may be ignorance and misconception of any subject or phenomenon, on the basis of which Continue reading

The Development of independence in artistic and creative activities of preschool children

The MUNICIPAL budget preschool educational institution №34, Chelyabinsk

The formation of an independent creative personality is one of the important tasks of pedagogical science and practice at the present stage. Its solution must begin in preschool children. The most effective tool for this – free expressive activity.

The development of children’s artistic creativity is a complex of aesthetic abilities and skills. Their formation is aimed at the development of creative activity, emotionality, initiative, independence, ability to self-esteem.

This problem is especially relevant and is aimed at the need of every child to freely Express their skills and to Express interests. Preschooler in his aesthetic development goes from elementary visual-sensory experience to create the possibility of an original image expressive means. This is especially true in activities with a variety of art materials.

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