The Development of independence in artistic and creative activities of preschool children
The MUNICIPAL budget preschool educational institution №34, Chelyabinsk
The formation of an independent creative personality is one of the important tasks of pedagogical science and practice at the present stage. Its solution must begin in preschool children. The most effective tool for this – free expressive activity.
The development of children’s artistic creativity is a complex of aesthetic abilities and skills. Their formation is aimed at the development of creative activity, emotionality, initiative, independence, ability to self-esteem.
This problem is especially relevant and is aimed at the need of every child to freely Express their skills and to Express interests. Preschooler in his aesthetic development goes from elementary visual-sensory experience to create the possibility of an original image expressive means. This is especially true in activities with a variety of art materials.
Working on the picture, the child acquires knowledge, clarify and deepen his ideas about the. He not only takes possession of new visual skills and abilities that are highly creative, but also learns to use them consciously. This is the essence of an independent children’s fine art.
The child must be acquainted with a variety of visual technologies. Not everyone can wield the brush or pencil, some find it difficult to Express themselves on the line, someone does not understand or accept the variety of colors.
To help teachers in the organization of independent artistic and creative activities in PRESCHOOL to create an electronic database of different exercises, didactic games directed on development of creative abilities of the child. Cards can be used in creative zone and in the zone of experimentation. The material is selected in accordance with the thematic plan and the age of the children. It should be remembered that the child should first be taught and then use the cards in independent creative activity. (Slide 2)
Fixed assets image is line and color.
The first file of “Magic line”. Lines are varied: straight, wavy, curves, etc. Using thin and thick brush you can get many images. In self-employment for such exercises you can use pencils and pens. Job card file compiled by the principle from simple to complex, is designed for young children. ( Slides 3-4)
The next series of card indexes aimed at the perception. The primary colors are only three, all other components. How to get a particular color can be ascertained from the records “Colored palms”. Paints can be mixed not only with a brush and not only on the palette! This material can be used directly in educational activities, and, of course, independent of the pilot, as “the experience of color”. Children acquire a completely unique experience, operating with colored water. Options of tasks can be a great many, it depends on the age and experience of the children associated with this activity. The first stage take two colors – what happens? The second stage is – what two colors you need to take to get this color? Paint for color experiments can be used gouache, and watercolor (though the water turns murky, but there is white and black). Children like most food dyes for Easter eggs) – it turns a deep rich color and transparent, sparkling. You can try to leave a Cup of water – the water to evaporate, the paint will remain on the bottom of the glass, and then add water – what happens? Following a number of tasks relates to experimental activities “experiments on the shades of color”. Tonality, saturation – actions can be performed using pipettes, brushes, measuring spoon. Perfect for preschool age. Job perception can be very different in subject and complexity. They can make themselves known game “the Restorer” (of any illustrations) (Slides 5-12).
Most independent active child may exhibit in the presence of stencils and templates, stamps, signets. They can be selected in accordance with the theme of the week and with the age of the children. Seals are very easy to make – cut out a figure from a soft, porous material, rubber and pasted on the used tin of paint (the kids very comfortable to hold it is great for children’s hands). Dipped in a plate with foam rubber, which is deposited on the gouache paint. The kids are happy to cope with this task, and most importantly – success. (Slide 13)
Big course in artistic activity is Decorative-applied creativity. Using in independent creative activity albums, which created a lot, children reinforce their knowledge about a particular fishery, paintings, graphical skills are formed. (Not necessary to buy an album for each child – one can scan, copy – print and offer children in the area of creativity for self-employment). (Slide 14)
Algorithmic or phased drawing one of the common ways of drawing on the basis of the geometric shapes may also be used in creative activities for children. Most importantly to diversify the methods of drawing the same object (for example, cats). Some children are very willing to use such schemes-the basics and some come up with a way image. (Slide 15-16)
The next series of card indexes “Country Voobrazilija” aims to develop imagination, thinking, attention, graphic skills. Jobs matched variety in complexity and subject matter. Additional drawings for right-handed or left-handed use. Series “Recognize objects” can be manufactured using an ordinary stencil is an image superimposed on each other. For small, two or three large subject, gradually can be complicated. (Slides 17-24)
Modeling and applique have a huge impact on the development of art and creative activities for children. For independent activity in the center of creativity can and should use a different process maps instructions is now very popular guides are designed Lykova, I. A. (Slides 25-26)
In conclusion, let me remind you that first you need to teach children to use this material, and after to include in independent creative activity. Encourage, praise children if they come up with and add what is new in the proposed material. Cards for kids it is better to use large (format A-4), for older children suitable format and A-5 and A-4 (depending on the amount of information on the card). The material will last very long if it for be laminated, the cards are crease-resistant and do not get dirty.
Taking into account modern requirements to the organization of subject-spatial environment group rooms this material allows you to organize independent artistic and creative activities of the children, the space of life of children, providing maximum opportunities for the development of children’s creativity, experimentation and research interest of each child.