What doctors need to go through 1 year
In the first year of life the child the formation of all the most basic functions of his body. It is therefore very important to be examined by a number of specialists.
What doctors need to pass in 1 year ?
Family doctor pediatrician first ten days of life visits the baby at home regularly. These inspections occur on day 14 and day 21 of life. Then his mom comes for a visit to the doctor every month to the clinic. The doctor measures the length and body weight, head circumference and chest, examines the state of the fontanelles and sutures on his head.
He also oversees the physical and neuro-psychical development of the child and for his weight. Notes all the possible health problems that should be urgently addressed. According to the results of prophylactic examinations, the doctor decides on the need for additional surveys. In this case, are appointed by the analysis of blood, urine, feces, etc. Also a pediatrician gives advice on child care and correct feeding.
Visit neurologist for sure to be in 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Child neurologist examines the development of the nervous system of the child, as he holds his head, reacts to light, sharp sounds, etc. Already in 1 month it is possible to identify perinatal (which appeared in the period of pregnancy and birth) disorders of the Central nervous system.
In addition, the competence of the doctor is to monitor the formation of motor functions of the child and the progress of his mental and physical development. Examination by a neurologist to determine everything, learned a little: does he roll over on his tummy and to get on all fours as he expresses his emotions and turns with toys. The doctor determines the tone of the crumbs and assigns, if necessary, special massage, gymnastics, and swimming pool.
The neurologist may send NSG (neurosonography) is an ultrasound study of the brain. This procedure is completely safe and painless. Make it to check development of different brain structures. To carry out the procedure can be up to 18 months. NSG is helping to rapidly detect various abnormalities such as hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, and others.
The orthopedist should visit at one, three, six, nine and twelve months. Pediatric orthopedist evaluates the development of the musculoskeletal system of the crumbs. Also it detects the presence of congenital abnormalities of development, such as clubfoot, dislocation or subluxation of the hip joint. In case of urgency is assigned to ultrasound or x-ray examination of the joints. In any case, you need as early as possible to detect the slightest disturbance in the development of musculoskeletal disorders in the baby. The effectiveness of the treatment will largely depend on this.
During the inspection, the doctor spreads in the side of the baby’s legs, bends them at the knees and determines the symmetry of the folds on the buttocks. It is important to detect the underdevelopment of the hip joint, even before the baby starts to walk. Quite often prescribed ultrasound of the hip joints. In case of confirmation of the diagnosis little treatment massage, special diapering and wearing orthopedic devices.
An orthopedic surgeon is able to identify and Krivoshey is a disease with turning the head to one side. Once your child begins to walk, it should again lead to an orthopedist to check the formation of the gait.
According to the plan of the surgeon should be visited on the first, ninth and twelfth month. Pediatric surgeon examines baby and flags any deviation of the body from normal structure. Most often occur in children hemangioma, lymphangioma, and some other affections of internal organs and vessels of the skin. In addition, the surgeon checks the child has a protrusion of the navel or groin, which is a symptom of an inguinal or umbilical hernia.
The same doctor may surgically solve the problem of ingrown toenail. Boys guide to the surgeon in case they have the size of one half of the scrotum is bigger than the other. This can be a symptom of a hydrocele (dropsy egg shells). This doctor also diagnosed in trauma and acute abdominal pain, the loss of a child appetite, vomiting and nausea, as well as in case of restriction of the movements of his limbs.
Ophthalmologist child should attend on the first or second, sixth and twelfth month. This doctor will check your baby for diseases such as myopia, strabismus, astigmatism and some congenital diseases. Eye specialist (ophthalmologist) will examine the fundus of the eye, which is especially important for all those children who are premature. This study allows to identify a pathology of the retina as retinopathy, which allows to prevent further blindness. In addition the ophthalmologist helps to cure inflammation of the lacrimal SAC (dacryocystitis).
Cardiologist conducts electrocardiogram, which can detect various cardiovascular diseases: heart disease, cardiopathy, etc. this doctor should be contacted if from birth, the baby has a heart murmur that is one of the symptoms of the defect. Not do without a cardiologist and in the situation when blue nasolabial triangle, shortness of breath during feeding, the child is lethargic, he tires easily, has poor growth and weight.
At Laura the child will have to pass OAE test at the age of about one month. This will check the child’s hearing. Then to the otolaryngologist should be consulted in the twelve months to avoid even the slightest problems with nasal breathing and hearing.
Dentist you need to visit in the nine months to verify the correctness of the location in the jaw of the first teeth and the formation of the child’s dentition. Here parents will receive guidance on how to care for first teeth to prevent tooth decay and other diseases.
Even what physicians need to go through in 1 year ?
1 . In three months the child taken to the General analysis of urine, blood and feces. If no contraindications, baby also offers vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, and polio. Following vaccination against these infections is carried out on the fourth, fifth and sixth month.
3 . In the twelve months of the baby doing a Mantoux test and are vaccinated against measles, rubella and mumps.